If you think “171 years” in the title of our article by mistake or coincidence, you are wrong, yes, the history of the electric car goes back even more, the idea never started at Tesla’s car and it certainly won’t end here either.
The birth of the first electric car
In fact, it is not easy to invent an electric car for a single inventor or for a single country.Access to a practical model of an electric car was the result of a series of achievements, from the invention of the electric savings (battery) to the DC motor.
As we mentioned, the proportions of the invention of one country or one person are very difficult and perhaps unfair, but to start from the United States it seems that the history of the electric car began from there, the first electric car appeared in 1890, which was made by chemist William Morrison in Iowa.
The Morrison was not that fast, with a top speed of about 14 miles per hour, but it was a good model that prompted many manufacturers to pay attention to the idea of an electric car.
A few years after Morrison’s car, electric cars from various automakers began to invade the streets of New York City to more than 60 electric taxis, and by 1900 electric cars accounted for about one-third of the vehicles on the roads.
In Europe, there were many attempts and models worked by innovators from Hungary, the Netherlands, France, Britain and other European countries in the early nineteenth century, where British inventor Robert Anderson was able to invent a model for a practical electric car. The process of manufacturing electric cars in Europe was delayed until the second half of the 19th century.
The rise and fall of the electric car early
Well, if the onset of electric cars is so encouraging in the United States, why has it been so late to achieve efficiency and proliferation?
In order to answer this logical question we must understand the evolution of the fuel-powered car.In the early twentieth century, the horse was the main means of transport, but with the development of the lives of Americans began to use newly invented vehicles and then had three options steam cars or gasolines or electric cars.
Steam had an excellent reputation as the spark of the Industrial Revolution and the main engine of factories and trains.However, steam cars did not survive because of the difficulty of their operation, especially in the cold and the need for water during the course of the process, and thus fell the first competitor of the electric car.
With the introduction of electric cars on the market, a new type of cars – gasoline cars to compete with electric cars, but the gasoline car was not without flaws. It needed a large manual effort to drive and used a manual crank that made it difficult and impossible for some to operate the car.
While steam and gasoline cars suffered from the problem, the electric car was quiet and easy to drive and did not emit any kind of foul-smelling pollutants. Electric cars quickly became popular among urban dwellers – especially women – and were ideal for short trips within the city.
In the 1920s, as more and more people arrived, charging the electric car became easier than before, increasing its popularity with all walks of life.
With the demand for an electric car at the time, Ferdinand Porsche (founder of the sports car company of the same name) developed an electric car dubbed P1 in 1898, and Thomas Edison, the most famous American inventor, was involved in developing a better saving to improve the car’s performances
However, the line of the electric car did not continue to rise as Ford introduced a model gasoline-powered car in 1908 and called the model T, to overcome most of the problems suffered by gasoline cars, and by 1912 the cost of a gasoline car only 650 dollars, while An electric roadster sold for $ 1,750.
Consequently, the Ford gasoline became available and affordable compared to electric cars, resulting in a gradual decline in the number of electric cars in American cities until they completely disappeared by 1935.
The history of the electric car went black between 1935 and 2008, when Tesla Motors launched its first car, the Roadster.
Roadster formed a revolution in the modern era of the electric car, characterized by advanced battery technology and electric transmission.
The Roadster uses a lithium-ion battery as a power source and is the first fully electric car (not containing a hybrid engine) capable of traveling for more than 320 kilometers when fully charged, with a top speed of up to 200 kilometers per hour.
The story did not stop there and may not stop.Tesla produced a car for four years with good sales and then launched its new Tesla Model S in 2012.
I followed it with a Telsa Model 3, and we don’t know what the company’s laboratories have in store for us in the coming days.
The future of the electric car
Whether we are a fan of technology or not, the success of any technological product is entirely coupled with its economic and financial results or profits.
Tesla manufactures, sells and sells electric vehicles in a satisfactory manner.This year, sales increased by 134 per cent, but in the second quarter the company did not reach its desired profits.In the second quarter of this year, the company lost nearly $ 408 million.
Ultimately, the future will depend on the development of research to reach long-term and affordable electricity savings