Why women are more suitable for space flights than men?
Decades ago, NASA recruited the crews of most of its astronauts, and according to the figures, only about 11 per cent of the aliens were women. A study published by National Geographic shows that women are better able to cope with long-haul space trips and sending a crew of women will greatly save the budget.
“NASA avoids sending women on space missions while they are more suitable for space travel than men,” says Margaret Whitkamp, curator of the National Aeronautics and Space Museum.
This is due to various reasons. The most important is the small size of women, and women suffer less physical symptoms associated with the body’s adaptation to space problems and women have personal qualities that make them better able to endure long-term trips.
Sending astronauts reduces the overall budget
Former NASA program director and space shuttle program manager Wayne Hill says weight plays an important role in space. In general, women consume less food, oxygen and other resources necessary for human survival in space. Men need 15 to 25 percent more calories when compared to women.
While participating in a four-month mission to Mars, Kate Green observed her mission was to monitor her colleagues’ metabolic processes as she recorded that women spent less than half of their calories compared to their male counterparts, despite their physical activity. In addition, women produce less carbon dioxide and other wastes, facilitating recycling and disposal.
Difficulties in coping with space and gender differences
Humans face exclusive conditions while in space, according to medical data collected by NASA for astronauts by studying their physiological responses during long-term space flight. The most important of these factors are exposed to high amounts of radiation (associated with the chances of cancer), low immune response, the transformation of fluid in the body, in addition to changing the way the response of genes and finally deterioration of human vision for reasons unknown to date.
Virginia Watering of the Center for Space Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine says the findings on gender disparities are preliminary but interesting. Men seem to be less affected by space motion disease but are more capable of hearing. Women suffer a higher degree of urinary tract infections, but they are not unique to space travel alone.
Russian astronaut Yelena Sorova inside the Soyuz spacecraft. June 2013
In general, men experience a high deterioration in vision problems, a problem that women do not face as much.
Apart from physical and physiological considerations, most studies that have focused on manifestations of failure or success in coexistence in desert areas, for example, or missions to the Antarctic, have found that men are superior in short-term trials with clear goals, while women are better adapted to long-term trials.
Scientists know little about the mechanism by which a whole crew of women trapped in a narrow spaceship will deal for months or years in an intense and monotonous space environment. But data on the mechanisms of human group interaction suggest that flight