Most multi-engine aircraft can fly for hours with a stop-and-flotting engine, only you may need to adjust the plane’s height and navigation. If all or all but one of the engines stop in a four-wheel-drive, the situation will get worse, but skilled pilots can still avoid the tragedy that might occur in such dangerous circumstances. Action movies are filled with excitement, thrill and danger when the action takes place at an altitude of 30,000 feet. Hollywood’s famous movies and superhero movies make the idea of flying look like a risky adventure, and there are already a lot of safety precautions and contingency plans in case the engine stops.
Can the aircraft continue to fly if one of the engines stops? – Adjustment in aircraft height and navigation – quad-motor aircraft – stay in the air – engine stops
While the idea of an engine that doesn’t work sounds terrifying, engine failure is common! There are many strategies and solutions to keep travellers safe. Passengers themselves may sometimes not realize that the engine has broken down, but of course the pilot and his crew do.
So, how can the plane stay in the air even though one of the engines has stopped?
We will deal with the idea of flying in a nutshell without getting into details. We usually think of the aircraft as a single unit, but it has two main components: engines and wings, both of which serve different purposes.
At the simplest level, the air is pulled into the engine of the aircraft, where it mixes with fuel and combustion occurs at a calculated rate, extending this mixture of air and fuel, pushing the piston and operating the transmission and the aircraft. The pistons are generated within each power cylinder in a 4-step cycle: suction, pressure, power and voltage.
The aircraft’s engine is designed to push the aircraft forward at very high speeds, but that’s not why it’s possible to fly. Many things can fly without an engine, such as a glider and a kite.
Once the engine pushes the plane forward, the air moves quickly over the wings, and the wings have a curved character designed to generate lift, which keeps the aircraft in the air. During flight, the wing causes the air to bend above and below it, affecting air pressure. The wing lowers the air pressure above it and increases the air pressure underneath it. This pressure difference is what allows the aircraft to move up and down, and the engine only pushes the plane forward.
While the plane is at an altitude of 30,000 feet, the engine’s failure seems to be a disaster, but it doesn’t necessarily mean the plane’s tragic crash. Of the 50 million flights, about 150-200 accidents are caused by engine failures.
Engines may stop for many reasons, such as mechanical problems inside the engines, damage to turbines or fans, oil leaks, fuel pollution, or even a foreign object entering the engine like a bird. While such failures are rare as we have mentioned (about one in a million), pilots and entire crew inside the aircraft must be trained to handle such conditions calmly, taking into account safety standards.
It’s amazing that stopping an engine is not an emergency or a serious emergency! It’s a well-controlled problem. In four-engine aircraft such as the Boeing 747 or Airbus 340, passengers may not know the problem at all, because the remaining three engines are able to overcome the problem and land the plane.
In dual and triple aircraft (such as the Boeing 727 and Boeing 737), engine loss is not an emergency, as the aircraft can fly 5-6 hours with a single engine. In that case, the pilot often resorts to landing at the nearest available airport.
Although engine failure is not a death sentence for everyone on board, the event requires some action from the pilot. Engine loss means a lower maximum capacity of the aircraft, which means relying on the remaining engine or engines to make up the difference. This will cause the aircraft’s ability to be irregular or similar, which may result in the aircraft drifting. If the pilot does not compensate for this deviation, it may cause a loss of balance and control of the aircraft.
Low power and air speed mean that the aircraft will not be able to survive in thin air layers at an altitude of 30,000 feet. The air will not be able to carry the aircraft at this altitude. The refore, the pilot must land quickly at 15-25,000 feet, and landing will also be challenging, as the aircraft’s ability to land will be affected smoothly. Pilots will therefore need to think carefully about the airports available for emergency landings, and to take into account the length of the runway.
Some aircraft systems operate through engines, so if one of them stops, hydraulic or electrical systems may be affected. Alternatives are often available, which means an extra burden on the remaining engine, and some unnecessary systems may stop altogether.
If you’re on board, it’s scary to hear about an engine crash, but know that the planes are designed to operate with fewer engines than they already exist. Sometimes the pilot separates an engine in order to achieve a flow, something that passengers don’t even notice.
What happens if all the engines stop?The chances of several engines crashing together on the same flight are very slim. The most frequent engine problems are rare, and the similarity does not allow for this phenomenon, but the problem is often related to an engine (e.g. fuel leakage or entry of a bird into the engine fan). However, if all engines stop, it is an emergency, but it is still a situation that can be dealt with.
The same power that allows the aircraft to fly will allow the aircraft to slide without any additional power, with the forward direction provided by the engine turning into a lack of altitude (a form of energy change), but that does not mean that the plane falls like a rock from the sky.
By adjusting the wings and rudder, the lift-to-towing ratio of a commercial aircraft can be as high as 1:10, meaning that the aircraft loses one mile of altitude every 10 miles. That is, a commercial aircraft at an altitude of 30,000 feet can (glide) for 50 miles without any engine power. The aircraft is still able to drift left and right, but will lose altitude.
The pilot can find a runway during a graded slide, or at least on a sufficiently wide ground or water flat. As in the miraculous landing of American Airlines Flight 1549 in 2009, when the two engines stopped after the plane encountered a herd of geese. But as we mentioned, this type of dual engine failure is extremely rare, and may happen only once every 10 years around the world.
ConclusionFlying may be a stressful experience for many people, but even in those rare cases of engine failure or suspension, trained pilots and professional flight crews can handle the crisis. With the right alternative systems and safety protocols, altitude and navigation adjustments can be made quickly, so even if passengers don’t necessarily reach their destination, they will return safely to earth!